Our company is engaged in the production and export of a huge assortment of machines for pre-processing and pressing oilseeds, which are used to extract oils from peanuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds, cotton seeds, sesame seeds, palm fruits and so on.
Below is the oil content of different oils:
|Rice bran||18-20%||Corn germ||30-40%||Flaxseed||29-44%|
|Castor seed||50-70%||Safflower seed||29-45%||Camellia||58-60%|
Machines for pre-processing and squeezing oilseeds are necessary for a plant for processing vegetable oil of high productivity, which affects the processing performance and quality of crude vegetable oil.
Oil seed pretreatment and pressing machines include a cleaning sieve, a stone removal machine, a magnetic screening machine, a crushing machine, a softening machine, a peeling machine, a drying machine, and so on. Since different oilseeds have a different pre-treatment process, it must be developed by engineers according to customer needs.
Oilseed pretreatment and pressing machines can remove impurities, control humidity and temperature, break oilseeds into small particles to change the molecular structure of oilseeds, etc. And this is important for the next solvent oilseed extraction process, which affects the final quality edible oil.
Following is each section in an oilseed pretreatment and extrusion plant.:
1. Section cleaning:
Cleaning is the beginning of machines for the pretreatment and pressing of oilseeds, which can directly affect the final oil quality and machine life. This section usually includes cleaning the vibrating sieve, gravity stoner, magnetic sampling, etc. All oilseeds need this step to clean the raw materials and remove contaminants.
2. Husk / shelling section:
The machine for peeling / icing / shelling is designed to separate the shell from nuts. Some oilseeds, such as peanuts / peanuts, sunflower seeds, cotton seeds, palm kernel, have hard shells over nuts, in the first place they need shells. When pressed with a casing, the rate of residual oil is high, and the quality of the final oil is poor. This section is for oilseeds with a shell.
Different raw materials require a different peeling machine, followed by a peanut / Groudnut peeling machine.
Drying to reduce the moisture content of oilseeds to proper moisture. Oilseeds can be harvested during the rainy season with high humidity, therefore drying is necessary for storage and further processing. But some oilseeds should not use tumble dryers such as rice bran, corn germ, sesame, and so on.
4. Splitting up:
Crushing refers to the mechanical process of downsizing; oilseeds are crushed into small pieces. For large or hard oilseeds, crushing reduces its size, which contributes to the formation of flakes, while for pre-pressed cake crushing turns the cake into the desired size and increases the yield of oil for second pressing or solvent extraction. Crushing is always necessary for soy, peanuts, palm kernels, etc.
Softening regulates the humidity and temperature of oilseeds, softens and increases the plasticity of oilseeds. For oilseeds with a low oil content (soy, rapeseed / rapeseed, cotton seeds, etc.) Softening is an important process for better peeling.
For example, the oil content in soybeans is 18-22%, while soybean is solid, with low humidity and low temperature, peeling will bring many powders without softening. However, it must be emphasized that the need for softening depends on the properties of oilseeds.
A peeling machine presses oil seeds from granular to laminar, which destroys the cellular tissue of oil seeds and creates favorable conditions for cooking. Peeling also ensures smooth oil flow during compression or solvent extraction. Peeling a roll is common for soy.
The puff turns oil seeds (cracks, flakes or whole seeds) into polyporous substances, which improves the permeability of the solvent during extraction and increases the leaching rate. Pant mainly for rice bran.
8. Cooking food:
Cooking is the wetting, heating, steaming and cooking of flakes to change the internal structure of the flakes, including cell destruction, protein solidification and denaturation, etc. All these changes facilitate the release of oil and also improve the quality of crude oil. The digester can be used to process peanuts / peanuts, canola seeds, cotton, sunflower seeds, etc.
9. Pressing / prepress:
Pressing / prepressing involves pressing oil from oilseeds or oilcake. In general, there are several oil presses for this step. The pressing section is mainly intended for processing oils with a high content of peanuts, peanuts, sunflower seeds, canola seeds, cotton seeds, corn seeds, etc.
These are the details of oilseed pre-treatment and pressing machines. Henan Doing provides design, manufacturing, testing, delivery, installation, commissioning services. If you are interested in machines for the pretreatment and pressing of oilseeds or want to know more about other plants for the processing of vegetable oil, please leave a message in the table below or continue reading.