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Palm oil is extracted from the flesh of the fruit of E. Guineesis using pressure. In its unrefined form, the palm oil is bright orange in color due to high amounts of carotene pigments. The oil is semi-solid at room temperature and is highly resistant to oxidation and prolonged exposure to heat. Palm oil is widely used in margarine and vegetable shortenings.
Oil palm is a crop that flourishes in the same regions as some of the world’s most precious rainforests and appears in many food and household products. Palm oil has emerged as the main global source of vegetable oil forming nearly 33 per cent of the world’s production mix.
Oil palm can reach heights of 20–30 m (65.6–98.4 ft) and has an economic lifespan of 25–30 years, at which point they become too tall to be managed efficiently and are cut down. Left alone, oil palm has been known to live for periods up to 200 years. Oil palm may also be referred to as African oil palm and originated from West Africa.
Oil palm grower without palm oil mill Oil palm grower with palm oil mill Oil palm grower with palm oil mill and palm kernel crushing plant Smallholder Group Manager 2. Operations and Certification Progress 2.1 Land area controlled and managed associated to palm oil 2.1.1 Please state the number of palm oil estates controlled or managed 9.00 2.1
INTRODUCTION. This study is focused on the oil palm production problems and the prospects in Edo State of Nigeria, and specifically the Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR) in Benin City of Edo State for the purpose of the research. Oil palm production will be among small scale farms and will be used as a case study.
Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis, and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and the maripa palm Attalea maripa. Palm oil is naturally reddish in color because of a high beta-carotene content.
Palm oil is literally everywhere – in our foods, cosmetics, cleaning products and fuels. It’s a source of huge profits for multinational corporations, while at the same time destroying the livelihoods of smallholders. Displacement of indigenous peoples, deforestation and loss of biodiversity are all consequences of our palm oil consumption.
Globally, the culture occupies 8% of the lands allocated for the growing of oleaginous. Palm provides almost a third of the global production of vegetable oils. Malaysia and Indonesia are responsible for 85% of the worldwide production. Nigeria, Thailand, Colombia, Ecuador and Papua New Guinea represent, together, 6,6% of the production.